Instant Runoff Voting is as Easy as 1 - 2 - 3 ! 
What are the reasons for using Instant Runoff Voting?
One of the most important is that it optimizes voter participation instead of relegating either the first round to a low-turnout primary or the second round to a low-turnout standard runoff.
Secondly, by consolidating the runoff with the primary, IRV saves a great deal of money both in government election administration and in the cost to candidates of running two campaigns.
Thirdly, IRV encourages candidates to run coopererative campaigns where each seeks secondary support from voters whose first preference is another candidate, thus diminishing campaign mudslinging.
Who uses IRV?
Instant Runoff Voting is in use in San Francisco, Oakland, Berkeley, San Leandro, California and has been provisionally approved in Santa Clara County.
It has also been adopted by Portland, Maine, and both Milwaukee and Saint Paul, Minnesota.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences uses IRV in its selection of the Oscar for best picture.
Internationally, IRV (also known as the Alternative Vote, Preference or Preferential Voting, and Ranked Choice Ballots) has been used since 1921 to elect the President of Ireland, and to elect the lower House of the Australian Federal Parliament since 1919 (where it is also used to elect the lower house for most states of Australia).
INSTANT RUNOFF VOTING (IRV) is an ideal voting system to use when there are more than two choices for a single office, such as Mayor,Governor, or President.
Each voter will number their preferences among the available choices by marking their ballot with "1, 2, and 3" for their first, second and third choices.
At first, only the Number One votes are counted.
If no candidate wins an absolute majority, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated and the Second choice of each voter who had chosen the eliminated candidate then comes into play. This process continues until a single candidate has pooled enough preferences to achieve an absolute majority of votes.
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Click on the pictures to see how Instant Runoff Voting works
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