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Party List Proportional Representation
The most common form of Proportional Representation, used in dozens of countries around the world, is the Party List system.
It is a very simple, straightforward means of voting. Every party or slate contesting the election nominates a list of candidates.
Each voter chooses one party, slate or independent candidate to represent them in government.
The legislative body mirrors
the percentages of support that voters give to each party, slate or independent candidate. For instance, if the Libertarian
Party was chosen by 15% of voters and the Green Party by another 10%, then 15% of the seats in the legislative body would be
filled by candidates from the Libertarian list of nominees and 10% by the Greens.
Below is a sample ballot for a party
list system proposed for electing the United States Congress:
Several countries use an "open list" system which allows voters to choose their favorite candidates on a list, and thus re-order the
priority of nominated candidates. Among nations with an open list policy are: Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegavonia, Brazil,
Chile, Colombia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Indonesia, Iraq, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway,
San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sri Lanka, Sweden and Switzerland.
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